Every citizen of India are bidden to follow certain rules and regulations and in addition, are given some rights and responsibilities to be utilised and followed. Information about the Fundamental rights and duties are thus very important for every human being in India in order to become a lawful citizen of the country and stay safe from being cheated by fellow citizens

Fundamental rights are the rights guaranteed by the State to its citizens which are thought to be the basic necessities of a person to carry on with his existence with pride. The Fundamental rights are something that a legislature can't promptly take away from you. The Fundamental Duties are characterized as the ethical commitments of all subjects to help advance a human being of patriotism and to maintain the solidarity of India. These duties will be considered as commitments from a person that he needs to look after certain norms of democratic conduct and democratic behaviour. The Directive Principles of State Policy are rules for the confining of laws by the Government

Six Fundamental Rights of India

Right to Equality

Right to Equality ensures equal rights for all the citizens  Learn More

Right to Freedom

Right to freedom provides us with various rights like freedom of speech and expression, freedom to practice any profession, freedom to reside in any part of India and more  Learn More

Right against Exploitation

Right against exploitation includes prohibition of any form of forced labour. Children below 14 years of age cannot be made to work as child labours  Learn More

Right to Freedom of Religion

Right to Freedom of Religion guarantees religious freedom and ensures secular states in India  Learn More

Cultural and Educational Rights

The cultural and educational rights include the protection of the interests of minorities, right to minorities to establish and administer educational institutions  Learn More

Right to Constitutional Remedies

Right to Constitutional Remedies ensures citizens to go to the supreme court of India to ask for enforcement or protection against violation of their fundamental rights  Learn More

Fundamental Duties of India

According to the constitution, below are the duties to be followed by every citizen of India

To abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem

To cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom

To uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India

To defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so

To promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious, linguistic and regional or sectional diversities; to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women

To value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture

To protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers, wildlife and to have compassion for living creatures

To develop the scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform

To safeguard public property and to abjure violence

To strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity, so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavour and achievement

Who is a parent or guardian, to provide opportunities for education to his child, or as the case may be, ward between the age of six to fourteen years


The Directive Principles of State Policy are the rules or principles given to the government organizations overseeing the state of India, which must be remembered while making or executing a law. These arrangements, contained in Part IV (Article 36-51) of the Constitution of India, are not enforceable by any court, but rather the principles set down in that are viewed as verifiable in the administration of the nation, making it the obligation of the State[1] to apply these principles in making laws to build up an only society in the nation. The principles have been motivated by the Directive Principles given in the Constitution of Ireland identify with social equity, monetary welfare, outside policy, and lawful and managerial issues. Directive Principles are grouped under the accompanying classes: financial and communist, political and managerial, equity and lawful, environmental, protection of heritage sites and peace and security.

Create your free account

or, Talk to our Specialist