The mythology of India is one of the most extravagant and most popular in the world.

Through ages, various stories and folk tales have been said and passed on from generation to generation by either telling or through scripts. India’s most famous mythological stories are in Hinduism, which are The Mahabharata, The Ramayana, The Puranas, The regional written pieces of literature, Sangam literature and Periya Puranam.



Ramayana is an ancient Indian epic sonnet which portrays the battle of the celestial sovereign Rama to save his significant other Sita from the evil spirit ruler Ravana. Alongside the Mahabharata, it shapes the Hindu Itihasa. The epic, customarily credited to the Hindu sage Valmiki, portrays the life of Rama, the amazing ruler of the Kosala Kingdom. It takes after his fourteen-year outcast to the woodland from the kingdom, by his dad King Dasharatha, on demand of his second spouse Kaikeyi. His movements crosswise over woods in India with his significant other Sita and sibling Lakshmana, the grabbing of his better half by Ravana, the evil presence ruler of Lanka, bringing about a war with him, and Rama's possible come back to Ayodhya to be delegated, lord.

The Ramayana is one of the biggest antiquated stories in world writing. It comprises of about 24,000 refrains (for the most part set in the Shloka meter), separated into seven Kandas (initially it was composed in Five kandas by Adi Kavi Valmiki. Bal Kanda and Uttara Kanda were included significantly later period, at the season of Purana ) and around 500 Vargas (parts). In Hindu convention, it is thought to be the Adi-kavya (first lyric). It delineates the obligations of connections, depicting perfect characters like the perfect dad, the perfect hireling, the perfect sibling, the perfect spouse and the perfect ruler. Ramayana was a vital impact on later Sanskrit verse and Hindu life and culture. Like Mahabharata, Ramayana isn't only a story: it exhibits the lessons of old Hindu sages in account purposeful anecdote, sprinkling philosophical and moral components. The characters Rama, Sita, Lakshmana, Bharata, Hanuman, Shatrughna, and Ravana are on the whole principal to the social awareness of India, Nepal, Sri Lanka and south-east Asian nations, for example, Thailand, Cambodia, Malaysia and Indonesia.


The Mahabharata is one of the two noteworthy Sanskrit stories of ancient India, the other being the Ramayana. The title might be interpreted as "the great story of the Bharata dynasty". The Mahabharata is an epic legend of the Kurukshetra War and the destinies of the Kaurava and the Pandava sovereigns. It likewise contains philosophical and reverential material, for example, an exchange of the four "objectives of life" or purushartha (12.161). Among the chief works and stories in the Mahabharata are the Bhagavad Gita, the narrative of Damayanti, a curtailed rendition of the Ramayana, and the tale of Rishyasringa, regularly considered as works in their own right.

Customarily, the origin of the Mahabharata is credited to Vyasa. There have been numerous endeavours to disentangle its chronicled development and compositional layers. The most established protected parts of the content are believed to be very little more seasoned than around 400 BCE, however the beginnings of the epic likely fall between the eighth and ninth hundreds of years BCE. The content likely achieved its last shape by the early Gupta period (c. fourth century CE). As indicated by the Mahabharata itself, the story is stretched out from a shorter form of 24,000 verses called basically Bharata. The Mahabharata is the longest epic poem referred to and has been portrayed as "the longest poem ever written". Its longest form comprises of more than 100,000 Shloka or more than 200,000 individual verse lines (each shloka is a couplet), and long prose passages. At around 1.8 million words altogether, the Mahabharata is approximately ten times the length of the Iliad and the Odyssey consolidated, or around four times the length of the Ramayana